Investigative Psychology – Applications

Improve Investigative Process and Detection Rates

  • Suspect identification and prioritisation (“Offender Profiling”, Canter profiling equations and geographical offender profiling)
  • Comparative case analysis (linking); Identification TICs (additional offences)
  • Offence focusing: identification of salient features of crime to direct investigative effort
  • Offending prediction: an offender’s likely development (where, when, what)
  • Criminal history matching
  • Police investigative decision-making: approaches to improvement
  • Criminal network analysis: identify key-role offenders

Improve Investigative Interviewing

  • Psychological approaches to interviewing of suspects and witnesses
  • Psychological evaluations of evidence: assess credibility and validity of testimony with a view to false allegations and false confessions
  • Detection of deception and lying: identification of false crime reports
  • Psychological assessments of interviewees, including vulnerable persons

The Legal Case

  • Psychological evaluation of testimony: detect weaknesses in eyewitness evidence
  • Defendant profiling: assessments of offence activity and likelihood perpetrated by defendant
  • Authorship attribution through Forensic Psycholinguistics
  • False rape allegations
  • Psychological autopsy
  • Entrapment: assessments of appropriateness of police investigative activity
  • Jury assessment

Risk/Threat Assessment and Reduction

  • Predict risk, particularly in relation to violent offending (including domestic violence, stalking, extortion) using scientific tools and software to improve investigative decision making
  • Probity profiling (in corporate context where candidates are considered for senior positions)
  • Insurance fraud-related investigations: diversion/reduction, identification
  • Investigations into terrorist networks, terrorist radicalization processes, development of suicide bombers